The formation of the labor sector, after three years, shows a reality in which there are 57.8% less unions -local and federal- of those registered in the Conciliation Boards; while simulated collective bargaining is, so far, 99 percent.
Although the implementation of the labor reform of 2019 is still in process, this is part of the X-ray that the Federal Center for Conciliation and Labor Registration (CFCRL) and that he hopes will be transformed as the union organizations comply with the new democratic rules.
In the near future the Federal Labor Center will face challenges such as the entry into force of the third stage of implementation of the new work model in 11 states of the Mexican Republic -the states with the most conflicts-, as well as the term of the legitimation of collective labor contracts, which ends in May 2023.
In interview with The EconomistAlfredo Domínguez Marrufo, general director of the Federal Center for Conciliation and Labor Registration, affirms that the results so far show a “positive balance”, since in 21 states of the Republic there is already a new labor model, where the conciliation to attend the labor conflicts has been privileged.
“Today there is a National Registry that is going to group all the unions in terms of what they are new collective bargaining proceduresalready in 21 entities of the country, it happens that every new collective bargaining agreement must be registered and has to go through a Proof of Representativeness issued by this Labor Center and in that sense, we guarantee that the new collective bargaining agreement has this minimum support requirement of 30% of the workers”, he explained.
For the second part of the six-year term, it will be up to “the large union organizations, which advanced the election of their directors before the change of government”, to adapt to the new labor model and comply to the letter with gender proportionality and respect for the vote. free, secret and direct.
“The big unions such as the Petroleum, the railroad union or the electricians, are examples that we have of those who made the election of their directors prior to the entry of the new government of Mexico, and many of them were, we understand, appointed for a period by at least between four and 6 years, in such a way that we have been receiving requests for the renewal of directives as they expire, “he explained.
Without legitimation, there are no trade union procedures
In 10 months the deadline for unions to validate their contracts ends, and May 2023 will mark a new scenario in labor relations. The latest compliance figure shows the legitimation of 4,942 contracts; that does not reach 1% of the 500,000 that were held in the conciliation meetings.
Given this scenario, the General Director of the Federal Labor Center affirms that there will be no possibility of maintaining these contracts as assets “they will be terminated. The yellow lights have already been turned on, this is the last year, the unions have to consult their workers on the contracts, and not think that they still have 10 months left, three years have already passed.
Domínguez Marrufo recognizes that, even with a collective employer protection agreement, workers have much better benefits and wages than those who do not, therefore, he affirms that “as recommended by the International Labor Organization (ILO), collective contracting should be promoted”, in this sense, he assured that “it is better to legitimize the contract, that when the date is reached it is considered terminated”.
He stressed that “the 2,000 unions that have requested the legitimation of their collective agreements is because they are close to the working base; so 99% of these have been endorsed by workers and less than 1% have been rejected.”
But, he admitted that “many workers still do not know the content of their contract, or are not close to their leaders, and that is one of the reasons why there are no legitimations, and many of the unions and companies are making a effort to get closer to their workers and involve them in the negotiations”.
The things that a union will no longer be able to do
If there is no legitimation, the union will not be able to register any type of negotiation, be it salary or contractual”; there will be a crossing of information that allows to determine if that contract was taken to consultation, otherwise, nobody can make use of said contract.
“In any case, they will have to request the Certificate of Representativeness so that they have the right to sign a new collective contract; but there is no need to go so far as to terminate the contract. The unions can still consult their workers, they already have a computer platform where they can access it very easily”, he reiterated.