According to a report from the labor formalization observatory of the Ministry of Labor, in the last year labor informality in the region continues to increase. Information based on data from the National Household Survey (ENAHO), prepared by the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI), ensures that in Junín the number of informal employees went from 83.5% in 2021 to 85.3%.
In the region there are 1 million 246 thousand 38 people according to the last census and of these an average of 27 thousand 115 people are unemployed and 636 thousand 957 people have informal employment. This implies that the worker is excluded from tax and legal burdens, but also from social protection and benefits such as social security and bonuses, among others.
This is the panorama that the next authorities must face and come up with viable solutions in order to reduce these worrying figures.
A good percentage of the population that works in the informal sector, is dedicated to outpatient commerce, only in Huancayo district there is an average of 10 thousand street vendors and policies are urgently needed to regulate and formalize them.
According to councilor Paulo Beltrán, informal commerce is a quick way out of the need that people have to survive, “it is a consequence of the lack of job opportunities and evidence of the inequality and economic crisis that the country is going through,” he says.
He assures that this reality cannot be changed just by prohibiting, conditioning or applying more sanctions, it is necessary to move towards formalization with planning and incentives.
For her part, councilor Larisa Rojas, asserted that the solution starts by recovering the principle of authority, “the mafias cannot continue to govern commerce, secondly, we need a reorganization and thirdly, the construction of the informal merchant’s house,” she indicated.
In his turn, the manager of Economic Promotion, Hugo Bustamante Toscano, refers that this problem is complex, because to reorder resources and personnel are needed and at present there are only 55 municipal personnel for this work, there must be an economic decentralization with the construction of markets. Today he will present to the municipal council a draft ordinance that intends to order them, in which they consider that there are no longer regulated areas and gives them a maximum term of 3 years to occupy roads.
The next authorities have a complex problem to face to regulate and formalize more than 10,000 street vendors in Huancayo district alone, today an ordinance project is presented that gives them a maximum of 3 years to use roads