Agência Brasil explains: how the gas voucher will work

Rapporteur suggests expanding gas aid to 11 million families

In a new version of its opinion on the two projects that seek to reduce fuel prices, the PL 1,472/2021 it’s the PL 11/2020, Senator Jean Paul Prates (PT-RN) suggested this Tuesday (15) the expansion of gas aid for this year. The measure has an estimated impact of R$ 1.9 billion. The objective, according to the senator, is to serve 11 million families, double the 5.5 million already served by the program.Rapporteur suggests expanding gas aid to 11 million families

The proposals, which can also help to reduce the price of gasoline and diesel, were included in the agenda of the plenary of the Senate tomorrow (16) by the president of the House, Senator Rodrigo Pacheco (PSD-MG). “Article 7 of the substitute provides that the Auxílio Gás for Brazilians will serve 11 million families in 2022, doubling its service target in relation to the amounts originally approved in the annual budget law. , roughly, to double the budget of the Program, with another R$ 1.9 billion”, foresees the proposal.

fuels

Regarding the proposal of gas aid approved in October last year in the Chamber of Deputies, Senator Jean Paul Prates assesses that the project has “unconstitutionality vices” that offend the autonomy of states in setting the ICMS. Among the inconsistencies pointed out by the senator is that the text cannot establish an obligation to use specific rates, in reais, for fuels, but must leave this as a “possibility”, so that each state can use it. if it deems it convenient. If you prefer, therefore, the states and the Federal District could continue to charge a percentage on the sale.

Prates also argues that no ceiling can be applied to state ICMS rates. According to him, this would represent “severe restriction on the financial autonomy of the federated entities, constituting an offense to the federative pact”.

The strategy to try to pacify the issue is to adopt a single-phase collection, that is, in a single phase of the production chain. In the rapporteur’s assessment, the measure would avoid “cascade” fuel adjustments, in addition to bringing efficiency gains, fraud reduction and reducing bureaucracy in the sector. The senator estimates a reduction of at least R$ 0.50 in the cost of diesel and of gasoline at the pumps and up to R$ 10 on cooking gas with approval of the projects.

The text also includes a structuring program to stabilize domestic fuel prices. This would be possible, among other ways, with the creation of an account, from the use of resources originating from Petrobras’ dividend income owed to the Federal Government and from the Export Tax levied on crude oil. “With its approval, the Executive Power, if it suits it, will have instruments at hand to mitigate the internal impacts of the volatility of oil prices in the international market”, defends the senator.

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