Cases of bullying in Argentina and the rest of the world they are more frequent every day, because according to the International NGO “Bullying Without Borders”, between 2021 and so far in 2022, 14,800 cases have been registered in the country.
And although the victims and different organizations around the world permanently denounce the cases of bullying and its serious psychological repercussions, the bullying It is still present in most schools.
Although there are many situations that can trigger in cases of bullyingVanina Jacobsohn, educational psychologist and teacher, explained some of the main causes in an interview for Minuto Argentina.
Among them, that abusers suffer situations of domestic violence or abuse of some kindwhich makes them replicate these behaviors on others who, in general, are of a younger age or build than the attacker.
In addition, the teacher emphasizes that harassment is exercised for prolonged periods and repeatedly, which generates serious psychological repercussions on the victim.
Although the cases mainly occur at school, with the arrival of social networks, these spaces became the perfect setting to verbally and psychologically mistreat another person.
Under this line, in some cases it is difficult to identify that the minor is a victim of harassment, so the warning signs, according to the specialist, are: drastic changes in mood and mood, which includes violent behavior.
Also fear of going to school, nightmares, injury or self-harm; even children, when bullied, may start to wet the bedas a consequence of the mistreatment to which they are exposed.
In turn, alarm signs can be considered isolation, lack of concentration, sleep disturbances, lack of appetite, as well as poor academic performance.
Although most of the time the attention falls on the person who receives the aggression, attending to this population is as important as providing attention to the abuser, since in this way the problem can be solved from the source.
For this, it is necessary to carry out integrated work between schools, students and parents, since everyone can take action to prevent, alert or stop the bullying.
Furthermore, it must be taken into account that, in most cases, the bullying It occurs in a group, that is, several children against one, so it is important to “try to disarm these group situations” to stop the abuse.
The specialist also assured in an interview for Minute Argentina that it is essential to create a space of trust to “empower” the victim and thus break the circle of harassment.
They work to try to disarm that situation in this group, and on the other hand to be able to empower that boy who is receiving the abuse. It is to start working so that he is encouraged to tell, so that he is encouraged to say.
However, Jacobsohn emphasizes that this is work that takes time, so changes are not achieved overnight; That is why it is so important to do permanent work with the victim and the abusers.
For this reason, it is also essential to promote the implementation of the Comprehensive Sexual Education Law (ESI), where teachers are also trained so that they can adequately manage these situations.
This given that, as the specialist mentions, “the ESI talks about the care of one, the care of the other, respect for the feelings and wishes of the other and of one”, which makes it a tool to avoid more cases of bullying.
In addition, it is necessary to start promoting and generating more safe spaces for dialogue, both for those who are harassed and for the harasser, since even more serious cases of violence are hidden behind these situations.
Therefore, the responsibility to prevent and stop cases of bullying It should not only fall on the schools, it is also necessary to work from the family aspect to understand what can trigger bullying.
In addition, because from family environments you can also reinforce dialogue and provide safe tools to break the chain of abuse, as the educational psychologist assures.
From all the actors that inhabit the lives of children and adolescents, it is important to work on this from a more loving place; from listening, from caring for the other.
This in order to find all the appropriate tools and join forces to stop a social problem that goes beyond the school space, since the fight against bullying is everyone’s responsibility.
World Day Against Bullying
May 2 was chosen as the World Day Against Bullying by different world organizations that seek to raise awareness of the serious effects of this problem.
School bullying has become one of the main causes of suicide in children and young people, as more than 200 deaths per year associated with this cause are recorded.