The United States, Mexico and the Bahamas return 116 irregular migrants to Cuba

A total of 116 irregular Cuban migrants were returned to the island by the governments of the United States, Mexico and the Bahamas, reported this Friday state media of national television.

The US Coast Guard gave back 48 people (2 women and 46 men) who arrived through the western port of Orozco, in the province of Artemisa. This is the twenty-ninth operation by sea from the United States so far this year, for a total of 1,258 Cubans returned in the last five months.

Most of the migrants who arrived in this seventh return carried out in May are original from the western provinces of Matanzas, Artemisa and Havana, and from Villa Clara, who left the country illegally by sea, detailed the report by the state television of the island.

49 irregular migrants (24 men, 22 women and 3 minors) were returned by air from Mexico, and another 19 arrived from the Bahamas, including 17 men and 2 women. Mexico has so far carried out 17 repatriation operations since last January and there are 1,085 Cuban migrants returned from that country in this period.

The Central American migratory route: testimony of a Cuban migrant (I)

In recent months, the flow of irregular Cuban migrants seeking to travel to the United States using the sea as routes or following different routes through Central American countries has increased significantly.

Analysts believe that these factors affect the phenomenon of irregular migration of Cubans, which is aggravated by the economic crisis that the country is going through, but they believe that errors in macroeconomic management that have generated shortages of basic products, , the partial dollarization of the economy and high inflation.

The Cuban government insists on claiming from the Washington Administration compliance with the migration agreements signed between the two countries and maintains that the United States has not complied with these agreements for four consecutive years.

The Havana executive also attributes the increase in migration to the validity of the Cuban Adjustment Act of 1966, which allows Cubans to apply for permanent residence in the United States after one year and one day of staying in that country.

Last April, delegations from Cuba and the United States resumed their bilateral dialogue on migration issues in Washington, the first at a high level since the arrival of President Joe Biden to the White House. The Cuban government described as a “positive sign” that the United States held a meeting on migration issues with a delegation from its country.

The Central American migratory route: testimony of a Cuban migrant (II)

Likewise, the Bien administration said that these migration talks between the two parties were “productive.” Earlier this week the Biden administration announced various measuresamong which is that it will increase the consular services of its embassy on the island and will restore a family reunification program that had been suspended for years with the accumulation of up to 20,000 applications.

According to recent reports from the United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency, since last October, the beginning of the 2022 fiscal year of the Federal Government, until last April, some 114,000 Cubans have arrived at the southern border.

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