The number of cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) tends to grow in 23 units of the federation, according to the weekly newsletter Infogripe, released today (2) by the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) with data up to January 29. Experts monitor SARS case trends as one of the indicators of the pandemic, because the syndrome is one of the complications of covid-19.
In 2022, nearly 80% of the 16,000 confirmed SARS viral cases were caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. SARS cases in which virus infections were confirmed have already caused 2,861 deaths this year, with 88.5% diagnosed with covid-19.
According to Fiocruz, the scenario is one of growth in SARS cases in all age groups of the adult population, from the end of November and beginning of December, until the present moment, except for the age group from 20 to 29 years.
Despite this, the bulletin informs that it is possible to observe a reduction in the rate of growth in groups under 70 years of age. Among children and adolescents, the researchers point to the maintenance of the downward trend that began at the turn of the year.
Infogripe coordinator Marcelo Gomes explains that the increase in SARS cases is associated with covid-19 and that the epidemic caused by the Influenza virus seems to have already reached the peak of cases at the end of December and ended in most states.
“Even in the child population [0-9 anos]for which the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and Influenza A still prevailed, there is also a tendency for an increase in positive cases for covid-19, already surpassing the others that maintain a downward trend”, the researcher told Fiocruz de Notícias .
The upward trend in SARS cases was observed by researchers in 20 states in the long-term analysis, which takes into account the last six weeks. In Bahia, Pará and Pernambuco, growth still does not appear in the long-term trend, but it is already perceived in the short-term, which considers the last three weeks.
For the Federal District, the trend is towards stability in SARS cases both in the long and in the short term, while in Espírito Santo, Rondônia and Sergipe, the downward trend in the long term has already turned into stability in the short term. In the other states, the growth trend was detected in the long-term analysis.
Among the capitals, there are 19 with a tendency to increase SARS cases in the analysis of the last six weeks, with 15 of them with a probability of more than 95%: Brasília and surroundings (DF), Boa Vista (RR), Campo Grande (MS) , Cuiabá (MT), Curitiba (PR), Goiânia (GO), João Pessoa (PB), Macapá (AP), Maceió (AL), Manaus (AM), Natal (RN), Palmas (TO), Porto Alegre ( RS), Rio Branco (AC) and Rio de Janeiro (RJ).