The Plenary of the Constitutional Convention voted this Thursday, and in particular, the report of the second proposal of the Commission of Constitutional Principles. In the instance, the conventional approved a rule that establishes participatory democracy and another that enables groups of citizens to present projects to be processed by Congress.
Specifically, the Plenary specifically approved article 1, on participatory democracy. He obtained 124 votes in favor, 17 against and 9 abstentions. Upon overcoming the two-thirds fence, he went on to draft the new Constitution.
The rule states that citizenship “has the right to participate incidentally or bindingly in matters of public interest. It is the duty of the State to give adequate publicity to the mechanisms of democracy, tending to favor a broad deliberation of the people, in accordance with this Constitution and the laws.”
popular law initiative
The conventional also supported the paragraphs of article 8 of the report, on popular initiative of law.
The first paragraph establishes that “a group of citizens qualified to vote, equivalent to three percent of the last electoral register, may present a popular initiative of law for legislative processing.” It was approved with 130 votes in favor, 6 against and 11 abstentions.
The second paragraph defines a period of 180 days from the time the initiative is registered with the Electoral Service (Servel), for the proposal to be known by the public and “can collect the required sponsorships”.
“In case of gathering the required support, the Service The Electoral Commission will send the proposal to Congress, so that it can start the process of forming the law,” says the third paragraph of article 8.
For its part, the fifth paragraph of the aforementioned article indicates that “theThe popular initiative of law may not refer to taxes, alter the budgetary administration of the State or limit the fundamental rights of persons or peoples recognized in this Constitution and the laws.
repeal of law
Likewise, the conventional ones endorsed that a group of citizens can present an initiative to Congress to totally or partially repeal a law.
“A group of citizens entitled to vote, equivalent to five percent of the last electoral roll, may present an initiative for the total or partial repeal of one or more laws enacted under the validity of this Constitution to be voted on through a national referendum,” it says. the first paragraph of article 9, whose approval was by 105 votes in favor, 33 against and 15 abstentions.
The third paragraph, also approved, states that “Proposals on matters related to taxes and the State budget administration will not be admissible.
In turn, the Plenary endorsed article 1, on participatory democracy. The rule says that citizenship “has the right to participate incidentally or bindingly in matters of public interest.
“It is the duty of the State to give adequate publicity to the mechanisms of democracy, tending to favor a broad deliberation of the people, in accordance with this Constitution and the laws,” adds the single paragraph, which obtained 124 votes in favour, 17 against and 9 abstentions.
Original peoples in the card
The Plenary approved the fifth paragraph of article 17 of the report, which makes it possible for the identity card to appear as belonging to native peoples.
“Any person may demand that in any official identification document, in addition to Chilean nationality, their belonging to one of the country’s original peoples be consigned,” says the text, which received 113 votes in favor, 24 against and 13 abstentions. .