The Ministry of Public Health (MSP) issued this Saturday release about the monitoring that is being done from Uruguay to the spread of monkeypox cases in the world. Uruguay has no cases of the disease, but is monitoring “suspicious” situations, he said.
“The Department of Health Surveillance is monitoring the situationdo the monitoring of suspected cases according to symptoms and travel history”points to the portfolio.
“When faced with suspicious cases, contact the Department of Health Surveillance,” says the letter. “Lethality is less than 10% and the most serious cases have been reported in young children,” she adds.
The MSP pointed out ways of preventionto reduce exposure to risk. Among them, avoid contact with animals that could be reservoirs of the virus (such as rodents and primates), avoid handling sick animals with appropriate PPE, avoid close contact with infected people, and hand washing. In addition, it points out the isolation and assistance of suspected cases.
In the coming days, the Department will hold a meeting with experts from the World Health Organization (WHO).
advance in the world
Until this Friday, monkeypox was reported in 20 countries who do not have the disease. There is about 50 cases, and 80 pending investigationsreported the WHO.
Outbreaks have been detected in Canada, Spain, the United States, Great Britain, Italy, Portugal, and Sweden.
In early cases, infection occurs byr direct contact with blood, body fluids or lesions on the skin or mucous membranes of infected animals.
Monkeypox virus is transmitted to people by a variety of wild animals, including rodents and primates, but has a secondary propagation limited through the person-to-person transmission.
The symptom They are fever, headache, swollen lymph nodes, lower back pain, muscle aches, and lack of energy. The disease usually affects the face first and then spreads to the rest of the body. The most affected areas are the face, the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. Complete removal of the scabs can take up to three weeks.
Monkeypox is a rare disease that occurs mainly in remote areas of central and western Africa, near tropical forests, although cases in humans have spread in recent days to countries in Europe and North America.
Although there is no treatment or vaccine for this disease, previous smallpox vaccination has also been “very effective in preventing monkeypox,” says the WHO.
The incubation period (interval between infection and onset of symptoms) for monkeypox is usually 6 to 16 days, but can range from 5 to 21 days. It is usually self-limited and benign. Symptoms last 14 to 21 days.
Human smallpox was first described in 1958 following two outbreaks of a smallpox-like disease in monkeys. The first human case was reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, since then most of the reported cases have come from rural areas of the tropical forest of central and western Africa, where it is considered endemic.