MIAMI, United States. — The arrival to the executive power in Colombia of the ex-guerrilla Gustavo Petro seems to confirm the sustained advance of ideas and leaders of a totalitarian and pro-communist bent in our continent.
Paraphrasing the famous expression of Marx and Engels in the Manifesto of the Communist Party (1948), we can affirm: “A ghost runs through Latin America: the ghost of communism.”
The situation we are suffering from is still curious, since the ghost of communism came to life as a political-economic regime in Russia in 1917 and ruled the destinies of the Soviet Union (USSR) for 74 years to, fortunately, disappear in December 1991 .
Fly in the USSR
Considering it too valuable and useful, we are going to bring to the scene the distinguished Italian political thinker Gaetano Mosca (1858-1941). fly established in The Political Class (1896) a political criterion for dividing society into two classes: ruling class and ruled class. Thus, it contradicted Marx’s economic criteria, which stated that in capitalism individuals were grouped into two classes, bourgeoisie and proletariat, depending on whether or not they owned the means of production.
Given its importance, let us quote Mosca’s text: “Of the trends and constant facts that occur in all societies, there is one whose evidence is obvious: in all societies there are two classes of people: the rulers and the rulers.” ruled. The first, which is always the least numerous, performs all political functions, monopolizes power and enjoys the advantages that go with power. While the second, more numerous, is directed and dominated by the first, in a more or less legal and more or less violent and arbitrary way”.
Mosca’s approach establishes a true “Iron Law” for the political sphere: In all societies, a minority always governs, whose main objective is to remain in power against other minorities that challenge it to replace it in power. In democracies, the ruling minority is elected by the citizens within a legal framework that protects the vote, which guarantees alternation in power. Unlike the former, in totalitarian regimes such alternation does not exist and the minority owns the law.
If Mosca’s thesis is clearly corroborated anywhere, it is in the former USSR and in all the communist countries that have disappeared or still exist: in all of them the ruling class has been the minority of the communist party that seized power. In none of them did the working class, the proletariat, the people, much less the poor, ever rule. All this is propaganda to manipulate and so that people accept the dishonor of living as subjects.
The totalitarian advance How do you explain the absurd situation in Latin America?
Very easy. Organizations and leaders of the left had in the communist Cuba of the brothers Fidel and Raúl Castro (ruling micro minority for 63 years) their Motherland that nursed them for decades and where the ghost of communism took shape and is still alive today. That is their model to imitate, not democracy where through free elections minorities peacefully rotate in the executive power.
Let us end with a few brief speculations. Apparently the minorities with a totalitarian inclination seem to be the winners in Nicaragua and Venezuela. Chile, despite the 62% rejection of the new Constitution proposed by Boric and the Communist Party, is in great danger due to the existing disunity in the democratic opposition and the absence of a leader who brings together the discontent expressed in the Referendum. And in Colombia, the cunning president Petro advances, misleading with the discourse in favor of climate change, feminism and social justice. He even manipulates with the image of our Liberator Simón Bolívar, pretending that he wields his sword in the “libertarian struggle”, and thus advances his plans, which are none other than to remain in power indefinitely.
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