The Joint Budget Committee (CMO) approved this Wednesday (29) the final report of the draft Budget Guidelines Law (LDO) for 2023. The proposal is for analysis by the National Congress.
The proposal determines the goals and priorities for next year’s public spending and provides the parameters for the elaboration of the budget bill (LOA) of 2023. The text of the rapporteur, Senator Marcos do Val (Republicans-ES), makes it mandatory the execution of amendments by the general rapporteur of the Budget, known as “secret budget” or RP 9. These resources, which total R$ 16.5 billion this year, could reach R$ 19 billion next year.
The rapporteur defended that RP 9 is mandatory as it considers a means to bring federal resources to states and municipalities. “This resource is not for the parliamentarian, it is not for him to put in his pocket or do anything of the kind. He will indicate the municipality, which work, which service, in short, the use of this resource”, said Val.
The Executive Branch has until August 31 to send the 2023 Budget proposal to the National Congress, with the description and allocation of the amounts expected for next year.
According to the text approved by the committee, the indications and the order of priority of the rapporteur’s amendments will be carried out not only by the general rapporteur of the Budget but also by the chairman of the Joint Budget Committee in office this year. Currently, the signature of the RP 9 amendments is done only by the general rapporteur. All nominations must bear the name of the requesting parliamentarian, even if it has been presented by demand of public agents or representatives of civil society.
Senator Marcos do Val’s text included provisions to increase political and social control over special transfers. In this modality, which corresponds to R$ 3.3 billion of the individual amendments this year, the resources are sent directly to the cashier of the city hall or the beneficiary state, without a defined purpose and without requiring that an agreement be signed or a project presented beforehand.
The approved text allows the National Congress to use the most up-to-date projection for the Extended National Consumer Price Index (IPCA) 2022, with the aim of correcting the calculation of the Union spending ceiling for 2023, which in the LDO project is estimated by BRL 1.711 trillion.
In this way, it will no longer be necessary to use the projection that must be informed by the Ministry of Economy on November 22. The change may also lead to an adjustment in the primary result target, estimated at a deficit of BRL 65.9 billion.
The approved text also authorizes the restructuring and salary recomposition of the Federal Police, the Federal Highway Police and the Penitentiary Police, in addition to the Civil and Military Police and military firefighters of the Federal District.
The provision of positions and functions related to the current competitions of these careers was also authorized, up to the amount of the amounts and budgetary limits of the budget law for 2023.
The proposal prohibits readjustment of food or meal allowances and pre-school assistance in a percentage higher than the accumulated variation of the IPCA since the last review of each benefit.
*With information from the Chamber Agency