MADRID, Spain.- The Cuban Alliance for Inclusion presented the Guide on political violence against women in Cuba that, as defined by the platform I do believe you in Cubais a material intended to raise awareness of this problem.
The research, carried out by Sara Cuba, Marthadela Tamayo and Zelandia Pérez fundamentally, has the objective that Cuban women learn to recognize when they are in the presence of this form of gender violence, which affects a large part of the female population in Cuba. .
In this regard, the text indicates that in the country there is a fusion between personal and institutional violence; which is installed in an increasingly less silent way in society and in numerous families.
Although the violence of gender It is not exclusive to Cuba, it is the only country in the Western Hemisphere that does not classify violence against women as a crime, since in the rest measures have been adopted against this problem, the document points out.
In addition, it states that women on the Island face a discouraging panorama in terms of the recognition of their rights to a life free of violence; a situation that is even more precarious when it comes to political violence.
The guide defines “political violence against women” as “that which, based on gender reasons, and mediating harassment, disrepute, persecution, and threats, prevents, punishes or limits the development of the political life of women and hinders their right to participate in public affairs on equal terms with men”.
In order to raise awareness and help women in the face of this problem, the research specifies the types of political violence.
Types of political violence
psychological violence: In the political context that women in Cuba go through, this can include threats of physical or sexual violence, defamation and harassment through social networks with the intention of damaging the image of women.
Cyber bullying: Includes acts of persecution, threats, harassment and other manifestations of violence on social networks, mainly: ridicule, hacking of accounts, disclosure of confidential information, dissemination of falsehoods, or humiliating images.
Economic and Patrimonial Violence: It implies coercive behavior to control access to economic resources, as well as acts that affect the survival of the victim.
sexual violence: Includes coerced sexual acts and attempted sexual acts, including unwanted sexual comments or advances in order to force women to “exchange” sexual favors for political gain, funding for their projects and campaigns, or simply as punishment for pretending to play politics.
Harassment, Surveillance and Invasion of Privacy: This refers to the invasion of life in physical and digital spaces. Cuban women in the political-public sphere commonly go through this type of violence on social networks, where they are victims of misogynistic attacks by bots, multiple harassing and intimidating messages, unauthorized access to their accounts and private conversations, etc. .
Defamation and discredit: They are systematic and planned attacks in order to damage the image of women and discredit them due to their political and ideological views. This type of defamation has the purpose of harming the image and credibility, through false, manipulated or out of context information.
symbolic violence: Continued judgments against women in the media and in advertising, based on prejudices and stereotypes that harm the image of women as effective political leaders; in order to limit their political rights.
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