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Energy efficiency labeling for cars: what information will it give drivers

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How many kilometers per liter yields the car. How much autonomy does an electric one have? Drivers starting next year will have that information available through a energy efficiency labeling that zero kilometer vehicles will have.

This week the Ministry of Industry presented a series of energy efficiency instruments that will be developed from this year onwards. There he included the labeling for vlight vehicles (cars and utility vehicles) combustion, hybrid and electric.

The National Director of Energy, Fitzgerald Stonemasonsaid to The Observer that the regulation that in the first instance establishes a voluntary period was recently approved. That period is already in force and then it will be passed to another that will be mandatory.

Ines Guimaraens

Light combustion vehicles will be required to have energy efficiency labeling from September 2024; hybrids from March 2025 and the pure electric ones from September of that year.

Cantero explained that the labeling will contain information about the performance of kilometers per liter of fuel in the city, on the highway and in mixed cycles and also the emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), measured in grams per kilometer. In the case of electric ones, it will provide the mileage per kilowatt performance and the electric autonomy of the vehicle.

“When the interested party goes to make the purchase, they will have that information available and it will be an element to make the decision to do so; in the same way that it works today with refrigerators, heaters or air conditioners”, said Cantero.

At the time of purchase, the seller of the vehicle must display the label. The Mandatory will be only for new vehicles; those that already circulate should not have it.

The manager of the Automotive Trade Association (ACAU), ignacio peaceindicated to The Observer that the measure is in line with what has been implemented in other countries. He pointed out that in the region there is already a labeling system in Argentina, Brazil and Chile. Ecuador is in a voluntary period, Paraguay is in the process of implementing it, and Peru and Colombia plan to develop it.

“The issue with the label is that it has to be standardized, all vehicles have to be measured under the same circumstances and comply with international standards,” Paz explained.

“Afterwards, importers and dealers will have to label all vehicles that are located in a place of public visibility, for display. The label will also need to be available on the websites where the vehicles are displayed,” he reported.

Leonardo Carreno

There is currently a UNIT technical standard on vehicle labeling but no one applies it. “What is being done now is to go from a technical standard to a decree,” he added. He added that buses and trucks are exempt from the measure.

last year’s sales

In 2022, 52,063 cars and utility vehicles were sold. In the breakdown there were 25,090 cars, 11,930 SUVs (sports and utility vehicles) and 15,043 utility vehicles. It was the highest amount of sale since 2017.

One of the reasons that explained the increase was the exchange rate. He dollar it had an annual decrease of 10.3% which encouraged the interest of buyers.

There was also dynamism in the electric segment. During the year, 1,016 units were sold. There were 629 cars, 224 SUVs and 163 utility vehicles, with an increase of practically 100%, since in 2021 there had been 509.

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