Colombia became one of the countries that welcomed a large part of the migrants from Venezuela after the political and economic crisis that was witnessed in the neighboring country. The most recent report from Migratory Log showed that there are 7,131,435 Venezuelan migrants in the world. From them, 34.74% are in our country.
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The study reveals that it has not yet been possible to integrate the Venezuelan population, which is the population in most important condition of human mobility in the country. Currently, more than 85% of foreigners in Colombia are Venezuelans and most of them with a vocation to stay, according to figures from Colombia Migration.
However, its conditions of permanence are not the best. For example, only 943,391 of Venezuelans in Colombia are affiliated with the General System of Social Security in Health.
“Venezuelans are returning en masse”: according to the study only one
27% of the migrants surveyed expressed that they want to be in Colombia for
a while but who wants to return to Venezuela.
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However, what is striking is thatl 62% want to make their life project in the country, that is, to settle permanently in Colombia. When asked if the reopening of the border would return to Venezuela, 60% said no and if they would before the change of
government in Colombia, 86% also answered no.
Finally, when comparing the study with the data from R4V, the multi-agency platform, between November and December 2022there is a reduction of 0.03% of the diaspora
Venezuelan. This implies that the return of migrants is less even than expected for the holidays and the end of the year.
However, the study also shows that the 34% of Venezuelans arrived in the country in the last 3 years and have not been able to establish themselves. Among the problems, not having permanent housing.
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24% of Venezuelans have been displaced in the last year, 18% in the last 6 months and 23% in the last three months. It is important to keep in mind that according to R4V data, between February 2021 and December 2022, 1,484,714 Venezuelans have left their country, Venezuelan migration has not stopped.
A call from the report is about the importance of working on the validation of titles and the design of a public policy to continue the training process of this population. Considering that the 43% of the Venezuelan migrants surveyed have completed high school7% have technical or technological education, 10% University education, and among those surveyed 0% have postgraduate education.
The report also shows that the The most common ways of arrival for Venezuelans are through the trails, by 78%. Followed by informal tourist buses with 17%.
Finally, 28% of the migrants surveyed consider that access to basic rights in Colombia is very difficult.