The debate of the five projects of constitutional reform that raise the return of bicamerality in Parliament It began with the intervention of the president of congress, Maria del Carmen Alva, as well as with the participation of the action-populist parliamentarians Wilson Soto and Luis Aragón; the apepista Eduardo Salhuana; and José Luis Elías Ávalos (not grouped).
The consensus took place in the Constitution and Regulations Commission that presides over the Fujimorist Patricia Juarezwho stressed —like his parliamentary colleagues— that a unicameral Congress, made up of 130 congressmen, cannot represent nearly 33 million inhabitants.
The head of the Board of Directors, Maria del Carmen Alva Prietopresented his first legislative proposal No. 2025/2021-CR, the same one that proposes a constitutional reform to restore the Senate and bicamerality in the Legislative Power.
“It will allow to improve the structure, the functioning and the representativeness of the Legislative Power. For this to be possible, it is necessary to modify 40 articles of our Peruvian Political Constitution (….) The percentage of parliamentary re-election is very low. Re-election is favorable because it would improve the quality of laws due to greater parliamentary experience,” Alva pointed out.
Immediately afterwards, the action-populist Wilson Soto Palacios spoke out in support of Bill No. 1708/2021-CR. The legislator indicated that his initiative will be beneficial for society due to the number of legislators.
“The approval of this proposal will directly benefit society, since the State will have a Parliament that represents the nation with a sufficient number of legislators and that they fully comply with their functions of representation, legislation and control in direct benefit for the population,” he said.
In this current, his colleague Luis Ángel Aragón Carreño said that his bill No. 2004/2021-CR would generate greater parliamentary control.
“The duality of the chambers will facilitate the solution of the conflict between the Executive and Legislative powers, it will allow the legislation to take on a character of greater sagacity, reflection and maturity and the Parliament to be more independent in the face of vested interests”, he pointed out.
Subsequently, Congressman Eduardo Salhuana pointed out that his project No. 1959/2021-CR seeks to strengthen national representation.
”The aim is to strengthen national representation by proposing a Senate elected by a mixed system: multiple electoral district and single electoral district; and a Chamber of Deputies elected by the multiple electoral district system,” he argued.
Finally, parliamentarian José Luis Elías Ávalos said that with Bill No. 2053/2021-CR, re-election is not sought as detailed by Alva Prieto in his proposal.
“The return to the bicamerality will allow legislative work to be strengthened, with a second review chamber, broadening the debate and avoiding declaratory norms (…) The number of senators is 60, elected for a period of five years, with a minimum of 35 years fulfilled and be Peruvian by birth, without re-election to the position”, he pointed out.