Senate Commission approves in particular a project that enables a new constituent process: it goes to the Chamber

The Constitution Commission of the Senate approved this Thursday, in particular, the reform project that enables a new constituent process. The initiative passes the Chamber of the Upper House.

Specifically, the commission finished reviewing the 189 indications entered into the project. The instance began voting on those amendments on Wednesday.

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One of the issues that had remained pending and that generated debate was that of parity and how to implement it. This, because although parity is enshrined in all the organs that are created, the point is how it is applied at the end and how replacements are made.

The senators established a formula to achieve starting parity in which all the 50 elected councilors are seen, to then determine the number of men and women that must increase or decrease, to obtain parity of 25 and 25.

Then the lists or pacts will be ordered according to the total number of validly cast votes that each one has obtained at the national level, from lowest to highest; Next, the senatorial constituencies will be ordered according to the total votes validly cast in favor of the respective lists or electoral pacts, from lowest to highest.

After that, the candidate with the most votes from the underrepresented sex from the list or electoral pact with the least votes at the national level in the senatorial constituency in which said list or electoral pact has obtained the least votes, will replace the candidate with the least votes of the over-represented sex that would have been elect.

Claims and other rules

During this Thursday’s session, the commission approved rules on procedures and claims. It also endorsed a provision that states that “the new Constitution may not put an early end to the period of the authorities elected by popular vote, or of those authorities appointed in accordance with the norms contained in the current Constitution.”

Likewise, the instance accepted a request from the municipalities in order to collaborate in the dissemination process.

The provision states that “the Constitution must be disseminated and distributed free of charge to all educational establishments, public or private; municipalities, municipal libraries, universities and State bodies, the Library of National Congress. Judges and magistrates of the superior courts of justice shall receive a copy of the Constitution”.

Likewise, the commission envisioned that the Constitutional Council may approve, approve with modifications, and incorporate new regulations of the draft of the new Constitution -to be drafted by the Expert Commission-, with a quorum of 3/5.

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