A survey released by the Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) for the month of May informs that, in 2022, the Internal Energy Supply (OIE) is expected to grow less than the final consumption of energy in the economic sectors. According to the Monthly Energy Bulletin, this will occur due to the reduction in energy losses in thermoelectric generation, resulting from the “recovery of hydraulic generation”, after showing a decline of 8.5% in 2021.
Thus, the expectation is that this year, renewable sources will increase their participation in the electric matrix. The estimate projected by MME is that OIE increases at 1.3% (with 305.1 million tons equivalent of oil) and 46.4% of renewable sources compared to 2021.
According to the bulletin – which, when accompanying variables (energetic and non -energetic) seeks to estimate the monthly and accumulated behavior of the country’s total energy demand – the final energy consumption should reach 2.5% due to the expansion of hydraulic participation.
“For the Domestic Electricity Supply (OIEE), an increase of 3% in the Brazilian energy matrix is expected, with renewable energy sources responsible for more than 84% of electric generation”, informed the MME, referring to the specific data for evaluating the exclusively electric supply. With regard to the supply of hydraulic energy in the country, the increase is 8.9% in the year.
According to the survey, electricity consumption increased by 4.2% compared to May 2021. “Commercial consumption also highlights, up 13%; residential with 2.8%; and industrial with 2.3%”.
The bulletin also points out that electricity tariffs have “significant” high in the year compared to 2021, being “over 20% for each of the residential, commercial and industrial sectors”, even though it had decreased in April. The trend, however, is, according to the ministry, a “gradual low” for the coming months of 2022.