President Jair Bolsonaro today (25) vetoed the inscription of the name of psychiatrist Nise da Silveira in the book of Heroes and Heroines of the Fatherland, considering that the measure is “contrary to the public interest”. The veto and its justification were published in the Official Gazette of the Union (DOU).
THE bill providing for enrollment was passed by the Senate on April 24. The initiative came from deputy Jandira Feghali (PCdoB-RJ) and was reported by Senator Eliziane Gama (Citizenship-MA).
The distinction to the psychiatrist was vetoed on the grounds that her accomplishments could not be framed in the criteria established by law so that she could receive the honor.
Created in 2007, the book of Heróis e Heroínas da Pátria is intended “for the perpetual record of the name of Brazilians and Brazilian women or groups of Brazilians who have offered their lives to the Homeland, for its defense and construction, with exceptional dedication and heroism” .
According to the justification for the veto, “it is not possible to assess, in the terms of the aforementioned Law, the scope of the achievements of the doctor Nise Magalhães da Silveira and their impact on the development of the Nation, despite her contribution to the area of therapy. occupational”.
“Thus, upon hearing the ministerial portfolios, the President of the Republic decided to veto the legislative proposal, as it is prioritized that personalities in the country’s history are honored at the national level, provided that the tribute is not inspired by ideals that are dissonant from the projections of the State. Democratic”, adds the text.
Since she started working in the 1940s, psychiatrist Nise da Silveira was a pioneer in advocating humanized treatments for mental disorders, as opposed to the most common asylum methods at the time, such as electroshock, lobotomy and confinement.
Her work with occupational therapy, especially through art with images, developed at Casa das Palmeiras, an institution she founded in 1956, achieved wide international recognition.
Part of this work is stored in the Museum of Images of the Unconscious, founded by Nise, in 1952, in the former National Psychiatric Center, in the Engenho de Dentro neighborhood, in Rio de Janeiro.
Patients treated by Nise had their works recognized and exhibited by several national and international institutions dedicated to art.