In Chile, the military service It is an obligation for citizens who meet certain requirements. However, there are situations in which it is possible to refuse to perform the service. Below are the reasons why a person can be excused from complying with this obligation.
One of the reasons valid for not performing military service is to be studying or have plans to start studies in higher education next year. This includes both universities and public institutes or technical training centers recognized by the Ministry of Education.
Another reason is being declared unfit for physical or mental reasons, in accordance with the provisions of the regulations. Those who are part of the Public Order and Security Forces and Chilean Gendarmerie personnel are also exempt from military service. In case you comply with the military service causes a serious deterioration in the socioeconomic situation of the family group, people can request their excuse. This applies to those who are the main source of income for their family.
In addition, those who get married, are about to become parents or already are before the first draw for the selection of the quota, may refuse to carry out the military service. People with afflictive sentences are excluded, unless the General Directorate deems it morally appropriate to allow their participation. It is worth mentioning that the amnesty extinguishes this cause of exclusion.
Lastly, direct and collateral descendants up to and including the second degree of persons protected by Law No. 19,123, which applies to relatives of victims of human rights violations or political violence, may also be excused from military service.