“Companies are not being held accountable” in labor matters and they are taking advantage of it. Many “have lost a moral compass,” says the report on the Global Rights Indexa measurement by the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC).
In his report for 2022, he points out that the situation has worsened for the majority of working people globally in terms of Collective negotiationpossibility of creating new unions or joining others, as well as the obstacle to break out a strike.
This happens both in the private and public spheres, and the impediment to exercising these rights it comes from the companies as well as from the authorities, maintains the ITUC. He places Mexico as a country where there are labor violations on a regular basisin group 3.
The index identifies the worst countries in the world for working people by rating them on a scale of 1 to 5+, depending on the degree of respect for labor rights, where 5+ is the worst, since there is “guarantee of rights due to the rupture of the rule of law”. Afghanistan, Syria, myanmar and seven other countries are in this grade.
Number 5 is for nations where there is no guarantee of rights. In this section there are four Latin American countries: Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala Y Haiti. Site 4 is intended for countries where there are systematic violations of rights, such as the United States, Venezuela, Peru, Chile, Uganda, Vietnam and 34 other nations.
Our country is at number 3, that of “regular violations”; Belgium, Canada and El Salvador, too. The last two classifications are “repeated violations”, at number 2, and “sporadic violations” at 1. Republic of the Congo, France and the Dominican Republic, are some of the countries for the penultimate group, and Austria, Denmark and Finland for the latter, where there are isolated cases.
The worst countries to work
Working people face the impact of multiple crisis areassays the ITUC: “Historic levels of inequality, climate emergency, loss of lives and livelihoods from the pandemic and its devastating impact.”
According to the report, 79% of the countries violated the right to collective bargaining in the public and private sectors in the last year. “People see that governments have lost the desire to protect us all and have betrayed our trust,” she says. But the worst 10 countries to work for are:
Regarding the continent, the classification of labor violations it went from 3.48 in 2021 to 3.52 in 2022. This means that the situation worsened between regular and systematic damages. In Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala and Honduras, “trade unionists and workers suffered violent attacks”.
Of the 25 countries included, 92% prevented strikes from being organized, 88% prevented the registration of new unions, and 76% prevented workers from joining a union. And the worst: trade unionists were assassinated in Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala and Haiti in this region. But also in Eswatini, Bangladesh, India, Iraq, Italy, Lesotho, Myanmar, the Philippines and South Africa.
Meanwhile, in 129 of 148 countries, “strike was severely restricted or prohibited.” The violations to right to strike they are grouped into two categories: prosecution of union leaders for participating in strikes and cases of dismissal for participating in strike action.
The confederation recorded trade union movements brutally repressed by the authorities in different countries. Workers “exercising their right to strike often faced criminal prosecution and summary dismissal”.
In addition, “serious restrictions on collective bargaining in 117 countries”. It shows “a sustained attack on collective bargaining, a fundamental right for all workers.” This has occurred in all regions, and the public and private sector, “reflecting a concerted attempt by employers, sometimes in the hands of governments, to restrict workers’ rights”.