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Luis Hernández Navarro: Drug trafficking, violence and destabilization


the three great attacks of criminal gangs against second-hand stores, motorists and civilians in Jalisco, Guanajuato, Chihuahua and Baja California are not the product of a conspiracy of political forces. They are neither a pretext to justify the incorporation of the National Guard into the Army before public opinion, nor an offensive by the right-wing opposition to destabilize the 4T government.

Although useful for political struggle, none of these explanations has been accompanied by solid evidence to support them. They are mere suspiciousness and a resource in the war for minds and hearts of citizens to stigmatize the contrary. On the one hand, the federal government would have to be suicidal to promote an offensive of blood and fire that has gone around the world. On the other hand, as cave-dwelling as it may be (it is), the right-wing opposition would be shooting itself in the foot by encouraging commandos to block roads, set cars on fire, destroy and tear up businesses, and murder innocents in the states it governs. . Neither interpretation makes sense.

This unusual wave of violence arose in states governed by the PAN, MC and Morena. Its explanation should not be sought in conspiracy theories. For example, in the hypothesis that it was the result of the circumstances in which the criminal industry operates in each entity. And, in contagion. It is unusual, because, although similar situations were experienced in the past, the ferocity of the attacks against citizens and businesses perpetrated last week had not been seen in the country for years.

Everything seems to indicate that the trigger for barbarism narc in the West and Bajío was a military operation in the limits of Cuquío and Ixtlahuacán del Río, in Jalisco, to arrest Ricardo Ruiz Velazco, the Double R either RRand Gerardo Gonzalez Ramirez, The Apa. It has been pointed out to RR as the possible successor of Nemesio Oceguera, leader of the Jalisco cartel New Generation (CJNG), who is said to be in very poor health. His show of force on the ground, in at least 12 cities in Guanajuato, including León, Celaya, Silao, Irapuato, San Miguel de Allende, would seek to make it clear that he is not willing to be sacrificed.

According to analyst Víctor Quintana, the fury in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, was precipitated when one of the gangs reacted to what it judged was the government’s support for its rival. “There are testimonies of people who were there because it was visiting time at Cereso 3 –he said in an interview–, who saw that the authorities allowed the entry of an armed group, which was not the police. This group executed two inmates from the group Killer Artists [].” Those responsible for the operation, and for the hell that followed, were The Mexicans, a gang made up in part by Mexicans and Central Americans, deported from the United States. One element to consider is that, in what could be considered the capital of Maquilatitlán, it has also begun to penetrate, as in so many other regions of the country, the CJNG.

In case there was any doubt about the unreasons that triggered the day of horror unfolded in five of the seven municipalities of Baja California, the municipal president of Tijuana, Montserrat Caballero, was in charge of clarifying them, in the exhortation she made to the drug traffickers: “We ask you – the mayor requested the bad guys, accompanied by commanders of the National Guard – to collect the bills from those who did not pay what they owe, not the families.” Her plea to criminals left her in a pretty bad shape. In a meeting of five mayors, two councilors and the governor with elements of the Army and the State Attorney General’s Office, it was confirmed that the CJNG provoked horror in those parts.

Criminal operations against the civilian population are not new. On September 15, 2008, during the 198th anniversary of Independence, two fragmentation grenades were detonated in the middle of Morelia’s main square. Later, at two other points, there were more explosions. In July 2010, a car bomb exploded in Ciudad Juárez. The list of similar acts is long and includes torched nightclubs, narco-blockades on highways and roads, cars with explosives that explode in front of television stations. These barbarities (and many more) took place especially during Felipe Calderón’s drug war.

As specialists have pointed out, last week’s terror ceremony is framed in a more general context, which modified the perception of the capos of these criminal groups, marked by the arrest of Rafael Caro Quintero and his probable extradition to the United States.

In the analysis, it is inevitable to incorporate the presidential announcement that he will seek to make the National Guard part of the structure of the Ministry of National Defense, as well as his willingness to continue using the Army in public security. However, there is nothing to indicate that what happened is the product of the president’s statements.

Since before the criminal attacks in the West, Bajío and the border with the United States, the security strategy of the 4T was under discussion, precipitated by events such as the murder of two Jesuit priests in Tarahumara at the hands of a drug trafficker. Today, more than ever, a weighted balance of the results of this route and an analysis of the measures that are to be followed are required.

Twitter: @lhan55

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