and direct to you for the first time. I tell him that, occasionally, a group of grassroots militants from Morena visits me at my house, whose composition tends to be renewed frequently. They touch base –as it should happen in so many places–, we talk for about 10 or 15 minutes, sometimes they leave me a publication of Regeneration –the medium of Morena– and until next time. Last Wednesday they left me a story –cartoons–, called The economy in the 4T: moving away from neoliberalism.
In the cartoon, a girl, perhaps from secondary school, talks with her father –an economist–, on returning from school. Middle/middle class family or something less. The conversation refers to the girl’s teacher, who has explained topics about the Mexican economy included in the Report to the nation, yours, President. As homework, the girl must make a summary explaining how she understood the topics; her father offers her help and, even more, proposes to spread that summary in the family chat and on social networks. The cartoon had a print run of one and a half million copies.
This great print run, plus the meta-history in which the summary would be published, reflect the interest of the militants in the dissemination of explanations, which affect the readers, about what an economy that
moves away from neoliberalism. You, President, took longer than necessary –I think–, during the stretch of your presidential campaign, to incorporate your rejection of neoliberalism into your speech; his accent was centered on the horror of corruption. You finally took on that compelling need. However, the same day I received the cartoon from Regeneration I read your negative opinion:
I have come to maintain that, if the neoliberal model were applied without corruption, it would not be all bad.
It was a powerful bomb to the waterline of Morena’s militants. The comic strip and its pedagogical intent may have sunk; its authors (Carlos and Ricardo Peláez Goycochea) will have felt a bucket of contaminated ice water; the confusion between the more or less informed militant bases, surely made its own. For those of us who dedicate ourselves to studying these problems, nothing happens. His expression was a misunderstanding and his attitude, somewhat picaresque when he said it, could have been a three-way ball, in the language of I tell you Juan so that you understand Pedro. Or, it could be your return to the thesis that the problem is corruption and that’s it; the orientation of economic policy can be this or that. It is not so, President; Furthermore, neoliberalism is far from being reduced to
To the leaders of Morena you left the task of doing somersaults and performing acts of sleight of hand with your current creed, in the best of cases. At worst, Morena abandons the fight against neoliberalism, which is the most far-reaching fight that the real left and the peoples of the earth will give, in the foreseeable future.
Later you were at the well-deserved tribute to Arnoldo Martínez Verdugo. you said there that
On the left, according to Marxism and the social sciences, the transformations had to take place by armed means, it was not conceived in knowledge, the classic doctrine of Marxism, the transition or the achievement of changes, by electoral means, by the democratic way, by peaceful way. It’s also a misunderstanding, or two, President, although in this case I don’t see political effects on Morena’s militants.
the social sciences they have postulated the armed path to achieve changes in social life. Does not exist
Marxism, and the existing Marxisms, which postulate different paths, know that the armed path to overcome capitalism traveled an arc that goes from the Bolshevik revolution to the Cuban revolution. That road is closed everywhere, for now.
The social change that interests Marxism is not just any change that improves the lives of the majority, no matter how desirable it may be. They are interested, for the best reasons, in the definitive overcoming of capitalism, nothing less. Yes, there are many transformations in social conditions that can improve the lives of the majority, through political change achieved through elections. Furthermore, this effort can –and should– include the very difficult and very necessary overcoming of neoliberalism through the accumulation of repeated effective political changes, because a mere political declaration, President, cannot eliminate neoliberalism.
On the other hand, no Marxism can postulate the overcoming of capitalism by electoral means. It is possible, yes, to postulate the hypothesis of a long-term, accumulated social and popular learning, and accumulated transformations in the correlation of forces that, at some point in the future, will allow us to seriously consider overcoming capitalism.
Your tremendous political legitimacy, President, explains why you can express opinions that are misaligned with the needs of those who have always been excluded and their oppressive long-term future.