The extreme right conquered this Sunday the third economy of the European Union, with the historic victory of the party of Giorgia Meloni in the legislative elections in Italy, a country that for the first time since 1945 is about to be governed by a post-fascist leader.
Meloni’s formation, Brothers from Italywhich comes from the neo-fascist tradition, consolidated itself as the greatest force, going from the modest 4.3% obtained four years ago to 22-26%, an unprecedented result, according to exit data.
The post-fascist formation vastly outnumbers its far-right allies in La Liga de Matteo Salvini (8.5-12.5%) and Force Italy (6-8%) of the conservative tycoon Silvio Berlusconi.
For the first time in history since the Second World War a neo-fascist formation is going to govern Italy thanks to the fact that it was presented with a right-wing coalition that would obtain a total of between 36.5% and 46.5% of the votes.
“We have a clear advantage both in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senador,” Salvini rejoiced on Twitter.
The Democratic Party (PD)), the main party of the left, failed to mobilize the electorate to stop the advance of the extreme right and had to settle for a figure that ranges between 17% and 21%.
The anti-establishment 5-Star Movement (M5E) obtained between 13.5% and 17.5% of the vote, below its historical score of more than 30% achieved in 2018, but better than estimated in the polls.
“According to the exit polls, it is a historic result. The right-wing coalition would obtain the highest percentage of votes ever recorded by right-wing parties in the history of Western Europe from 1945 to today.and”, reacted in a note the center of Italian studies CISE.
– Meloni’s dizzying rise –
Meloni’s dizzying rise is largely due to the fact that he was the only one that opposed the outgoing government of economist Mario Draghi for 18 months, which has favored him to collect the discontent of Italians in the face of inflation, war and restrictions due to the pandemic.
The formation founded at the end of 2012 with former supporters of Berlusconi and figures from the neo-fascist right surpassed Enrico Letta’s Democratic Party (PD), which only agreed to an alliance with a small sector of the environmental left.
The 45-year-old post-fascist leader, an admirer of Benito Mussolini during her youth, known for her direct and effective language since her years as a student leader in Rome, could also become the first woman to reach the head of government in Italy.
Along with his allies, he promises tax cuts, a blockade of immigrants crossing the Mediterranean, as well as an ambitious family policy to boost the birth rate of one of the countries with the most elderly in the world.
– An axis for a sovereign Europe –
The victory of an anti-European and nationalist leader raises many questions in Europe and changes the face of Italysince it would question his position on the European Union, since he advocates a revision of its treaties and even its replacement by a “confederation of sovereign states”.
“In Europe everyone is worried about Meloni in the government (…) The party is over, Italy will begin to defend its own national interests,” he warned.
The representative of post-fascism, who is not afraid to defend a pure and hard right, identifies herself with the motto “God, country and family”, and promises to fight against gay pressure groups and “gender theories”.
“Giorgia Meloni has shown the way for a proud, free and sovereign Europe of nationss, capable of cooperating for the security and prosperity of all,” the Spaniard Santiago Abascal, of the ultra-conservative Vox, reacted on Twitter.
The winner of the elections thus becomes a key figure for a radical right-wing axis in Europe that passes through Sweden, Poland and Hungary.
“We need friends more than ever who share a common vision and approach to Europe,” reacted a spokesman for Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban.
The government that emerges from the elections, which will take office at the end of OctoberIn any case, you will have a road strewn with pitfalls and without much room for manoeuvre.
It will have to manage the crisis caused by runaway inflation, while Italy is already collapsing under a debt that represents 150% of GDP, the highest in the euro zone behind Greece.