The seventh National Search Brigade begins in Morelos

Gabriela Rodríguez*: New culture of human rights


in the last For four years, the Mexican government has promoted a transformation in the institutional culture to overcome the serious human rights violations committed by the old regime. On the occasion of Human Rights Day, the head of the Undersecretariat for Human Rights, Population and Migration, Alejandro Encinas Rodríguez, recognized and addressed the painful legacy derived from the war on drugs and the systematic violations of rights: the State failed to search for disappeared persons, to protect vulnerable groups, and to guarantee human rights. The commitment to transform and reverse the situation without simulations has placed the attention of the victims at the center. With a transversal approach and a gender perspective, the National Human Rights Program 2020-24 is the result of a citizen consultation and the technical work of 14 institutional teams.

Among the advances I highlight institutional strengthening. The 32 state commissions for the search for persons, shelter centers and human identification were created. The National Center for Human Identification is the only one in the world dedicated to the search for missing persons, massive crossings of information open clues for searches. In 3,400 search days, 5,275 clandestine graves and 9,220 bodies were recorded (2006-22). The Protection Mechanism for Human Rights Defenders and Journalists attended 1,300 personalized measures, it has 85 security shelters, 64 escort services and 700 homes equipped with security infrastructure, its budget increased 100 percent (to 1.8 billion) by presidential instruction.

The National Commission to Prevent and Eradicate Violence against Women built 16 new justice centers for women and strengthened shelters; 1,500 services were provided to survivors of femicide and family members to guarantee access to justice. One million 202 thousand 918 women were attended by 7 thousand 208 specialists, 56 thousand public servants were trained; the subsidy for prevention and specialized care grew 47 percent. In order to generate comprehensive care and reparation mechanisms for victims of crime and human rights violations, the Executive Commission for Victim Care consolidated care centers, offered more than 354,000 care (legal, psychological, medical, and social work), issued 944 resolutions for reparation and damage compensation for violations of rights or crimes; 2,906,520,000 pesos were disbursed, as well as 1,23 million in favor of 4,400 victims.

The Commission for Truth and Access to Justice of the Ayotzinapa case (Covaj) presented a preliminary report on August 18, 2022 and on November 1 it delivered to the Special Unit for Investigation and Litigation of the Ayotzinapa case of the FGR. The scope of the report accounts for the comprehensive analysis and systematizes 154 events committed as of September 26, 2014, 99 events coincident with other sources, 55 do not coincide, 38 based on captures with 2014 metadata and 61 on subsequent metadata captures. 824 search days were carried out, field and cabinet work continues in close coordination with the current prosecutor in the case. The opening of Military Camp number one, on June 22, is an unprecedented step forward for the Commission for Access to the Truth, Historical Clarification and the Promotion of Justice for Serious Human Rights Violations 1965-1990.

In the National Council to Prevent Discrimination, for the first time directed by an indigenous woman, the National Survey on Discrimination 2022 and the National Survey on Sexual and Gender Diversity 2021 (Conapred/Inegi) stand out. The published National Program for the Protection of Children and Adolescents presented progress in 92 percent of actions. In the Commission for Dialogue with the Indigenous Peoples of Mexico, agrarian conflicts and peace agreements have been addressed in more than 10 entities. The National Population Registry installed the National Registration and Identity System and created the CURP for refugee applicants and repatriated persons. In this administration, the Mexican Commission for Aid to Refugees has registered 342,335 requests from people of 110 different nationalities. The Immigration Policy Unit consolidated the Temporary Immigration Regularization Program.

Impossible to cover such a robust report. To anticipate the challenges and opportunities in the medium and long term in the face of demographic dynamics, the National Population Council (Conapo) designs the Projections of the Population of Mexico and its entities for the years 2022 to 2070, the imminent population aging is documented and the lag in adolescent fertility. Last Monday, the Senate endorsed the ruling approving the Inter-American Convention on the Protection of the Human Rights of Older Persons, in compatibility with the efforts of the federal government and with the projections for this sector.

*Conapo General Secretary

Twitter: gabrielarodr108

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