Given the continuous torture suffered by the political prisoners of the Daniel Ortega regime, as affirmed by a United Nations Committee against Torture in a report presented last week, a group of human rights organizations recalled that the State of Nicaragua is obliged to provide humane treatment to The prisoners and called on the authorities of the regime to “stop the torture”.
For Tania Agosti, of Race and Equality, the actions of the regime’s authorities reflect a deep ignorance of the Convention against Torture, of which Nicaragua is a signatory. “This resistance is not new and occurs when the State is accused of a policy of arbitrary arrests against any type of opposition, where currently at least 190 people deprived of liberty for political reasons in inhuman conditions are reported, where there is every indication of torture and sexual offense”accurate.
The rapporteur for Nicaragua of the Subcommittee Against Torture of the United Nations Organization (SPT – UN), Juan Pablo Vegas, lamented the way in which the regime has limited family visits to prisoners of conscience and the blockade of the International Committee for Torture. Red Cross (ICRC) to verify the state of health of the detainees.
“QI would like to recall that Nicaragua has unavoidable obligations in terms of prevention of torture. The prevention and eradication of torture are not a political option, a humanistic slogan and even less a position of some external power that violates the sovereignty of a State; it is rather an international obligation assumed by ratifying the Convention Against Torture and its optional protocols”expressed Vegas during a virtual event.
He also regretted that the methods of torture against prisoners of conscience “have increased in recent years”, and called on the regime to “reconsider” about the constant violations of the human rights of the Nicaraguans.
The report of the Committee against Torture
The report presented last week by the United Nations Committee Against Torture echoed previous complaints by the United Nations and civil society organizations that have accused the Ortega regime of having used lethal force against peaceful protesters among 2018 and 2021 and of having imprisoned more than a thousand people for political reasons, of which more than 190 remain in detention.
The document emphasizes that in some cases detainees were subjected to a solitary confinement for up to 90 days, while interrogations were carried out without the presence of lawyers, including at times beatings, threats and sleep deprivation, later denying access to medical services.
The abuses are committed in a regime of “total absence of separation of powers in the State” destined to “use criminal law to criminalize dissidence, violate procedural guarantees and contribute to impunity”says the committee text.
The committee also expresses its concern about other complaints of torture and ill-treatment in prisons and police stations, without follow-up by the authorities on the complaints filed in this regard, which totaled more than 12,000 between 2005 and 2018.
Particularly serious situations are cited for prisoners in La Modelo and La Esperanza prisons, in Tipitapa, as well as for those detained in El Chipote, in Managua.
The committee adds to these complaints attacks against human rights defenders, journalists, social leaders, religious leaders and members of the opposition, a repression that has contributed “to an exodus of more than 150,000 people to neighboring Costa Rica” while others try to reach the United States.
The report was issued after the second periodic review of the situation in Nicaragua on July 14, during a session in which the Nicaraguan regime refused to participate.