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Ephemeris of October 16

1846 – WILLIAM MORTON. The American dentist William Morton uses inhalation anesthesia for the first time in history through the use of ether in surgery and dentistry, with which he changed surgical interventions forever. It was a milestone in the history of medicine and one of the most important innovations of the 19th century.

1854 – OSCAR WILDE. The Irish writer, poet and playwright Oscar Wilde was born in Dublin, considered one of the most outstanding playwrights of Victorian London and a celebrity of the time for his sharp wit. He is remembered for his plays and for The Picture of Dorian Gray, his only novel.

1891 – NATION BANK. Congress passes Law 2841 creating the Bank of the Argentine Nation at the initiative of the government of President Carlos Pellegrini. The bank began operating on December 1, 1891 in its current Buenos Aires headquarters, in front of the Plaza de Mayo.

1968 – THE BEATLES. At Abbey Road studios in London, the four members of The Beatles dedicate 24 uninterrupted hours to the recording of the double album known as the White Album, due to the color of its cover, one of the classics of the legendary British rock group.

1968 – SILVER STUDENTS. Directed by Osvaldo Zubeldía, Club Estudiantes de La Plata wins the Intercontinental Cup by drawing 1-1 with Manchester United at the legendary Old Trafford stadium. The “click” thus becomes the first Argentine team to win a world title in England, the birthplace of football. The “pincharrata” goal was scored by Juan Ramón “the witch” Verón and Morgan equalized for the English team, who had to reverse the 1-0 defeat in the first leg in La Plata.

1971 – EMILIO PETTORUTI. At the age of 79, the plastic artist Emilio Pettoruti dies in Paris, one of the great references of Argentine abstract painting and director of the Provincial Museum of Fine Arts of La Plata.

1973 – GENE KRUPA. The American drummer Gene Krupa, one of the most prominent in the history of jazz, dies in New York at the age of 64. He was the first solo drummer, he performed at the legendary Woodstock festival. He also shone with the jazz band led by Benny Goodman.

1998 – BALTASAR GARZÓN. By applying the legal principle of universal justice, the Spanish judge Baltazar Garzón managed to have former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet arrested in London for extradition to Spain accused of genocide, international terrorism, torture and disappearance of people committed when he governed Chile, between 1973 and 1991.

2003 – CONSENSUS OF BS. ACE. The presidents of Argentina, Néstor Kirchner, and of Brazil, Luis Inacio Lula Da Silva, sign the agreement called the Consensus of Buenos Aires in order to reactivate the commercial alliance between both countries, partners of Paraguay and Uruguay in Mercosur.
2004 – LIONEL MESSI. At the age of 17 and with the number 30 on his shirt, Lionel Messi debuted in the first division team of Spanish Barcelona. He entered the field at 81 minutes of the game against Espanyol to replace the Portuguese Deco, scorer of the goal of the “Blaugrana” victory by 1-0 in the Catalan classic.

2022 – FEEDING DAY. World Food Day is celebrated in commemoration of the date in 1945 on which the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations was created.

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