Ephemeris of July 14

Ephemeris of July 14

1789 – STORMING OF THE BASTILLE. Groups of revolutionaries take the medieval fortress of La Bastille in Paris, historically used as a prison by the kings of France and which housed only seven inmates. The capture of the prison gave rise to the French Revolution and the end of the monarchy. July 14 is a national holiday in France.

1912 – INDEPENDENT. Avellaneda’s “red” debuts in the First Division of Argentine soccer. It was in a 3-0 win over Kimberley in the Argentine Football Federation tournament. The goals were scored by Bartolomé Lloveras, Francisco Roldán and José Laguna.

1921 – SACCO AND VANZETTI. Italian anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are sentenced to death in the electric chair for two murders in a robbery in South Braintree (Massachusetts, USA). The trial had lasted a few hours with xenophobic testimony and other irregularities. Half a century after the deaths of Sacco and Vanzetti they were found not guilty.

1941 – LION NAJNUDEL. The basketball player and coach León Najnudel, one of the main promoters of the National League of that sport, was born in the Buenos Aires neighborhood of Villa Crespo. He led the 1989 champion Ferro team and also those from
Boca Juniors, Racing Club and the Spanish Zaragoza, among others.

1956 – JULY CHAVEZ. The actor and theater director Julio Chávez (Julio Hirsch) was born in the Buenos Aires neighborhood of Núñez, winner of 39 awards, including the Silver Bear at the Berlin Film Festival, three Silver Condors and four Martín Fierro. He performed 21 stage plays and worked in eleven films.

1982 – THE WALL. The film The Wall, directed by British filmmaker Alan Parker and based on Pink Floyd’s 1979 album The Wall, premieres at London’s Empire Leicester Square. The screenplay was written by Roger Waters, vocalist, bassist and co-founder of that legendary progressive rock band.

1995 – MP3 FORMAT. Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute in Germany are using the .mp3 extension for digital compressed audio files for the first time. The MP3 format revolutionized the dissemination of music and sounds through digital electronic devices.

1999 – FALKLAND ISLANDS. Argentina and the United Kingdom of Great Britain sign an agreement in London that allows Argentines to enter the Malvinas Islands.

2011 – TECHNOPOLIS. In what was a 50-hectare military estate in the Buenos Aires town of Villa Martelli, Tecnópolis, the largest science, technology, industry and culture fair in Latin America, is inaugurated. It hosted the 2018 Buenos Aires Youth Olympic Games.

2016 – NICE ATTACK. Tunisian terrorist Mohamed Bouhlel kills 86 people by ramming a 19-tonne truck into the crowd celebrating France’s National Day on the Promenade des Anglais in Nice. The attack, committed on behalf of the Islamic State group, caused 434 injuries. Bouhlel was killed by the Police.

2012 – JORGE LIGHT. The actor, humorist and impersonator Jorge Luz (Oscar Jorge Da Luz Borbón), who filmed more than 30 films and was declared an Illustrious Citizen of the city of Buenos Aires, dies in Buenos Aires at the age of 90. He gained popularity for his character “La Porota” on the television show Las gatitas y mice de Porcel.

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