Defender wants to regularize occupation of farmers in the state of Rio

More than 50 families of farmers in situations of social vulnerability received support from the Public Defender’s Office of Rio de Janeiro to regularize housing in Cachoeiras de Macacu, in the metropolitan region of Rio. Living on land with no water supply and no electricity, the farmers are the target of a lawsuit in which the municipality asks for repossession.

Currently, a decision by the Court of Justice of Rio de Janeiro (TJRJ) allows families to remain in the place.Defender wants to regularize occupation of farmers in the state of RioDefender wants to regularize occupation of farmers in the state of Rio

According to public defender Maisa Sampaio, there is a possibility of dialogue. “The municipality informed that there is an interest in building popular housing on the site through the Casa da Gente state program. We have some concerns: we want the municipality to inform if all the families that are already there would be covered. And we do not know if the project will cover the habits and customs of this population, who live in houses with backyards, small plantations, animals. It is a rural population.”

Defender wants to regularize occupation of farmers in the state of Rio

Public defenders listen to farmers who occupy an area in the Taboado Subdivision – Disclosure / Public Defender / RJ

In recent days, public defenders have visited the area, known as Loteamento do Taboado, to discuss the situation with the families. The aim is to obtain a commitment from the public authorities not only with the regularization of housing, but also with the implementation of basic sanitation and lighting services. Individual requests for electricity supply were administratively denied by the Rural Electrification Cooperative of Cachoeiras de Macacu and Itaboraí, responsible for service in the region.

On social media, residents created a profile that gathers information about the situation and disseminates images of agricultural production. They refer to the land as the Aldir Blanc Occupation, in honor of the composer who died in 2020. “The people here are hardworking, honest. They just want to build their house, plant crops and live with their family in peace,” says a resident in one of the videos disclosed in the profile.

wanted by Brazil Agency, the municipal government of Cachoeiras de Macacu did not respond. In the action seeking repossession, the municipality maintains that the occupation is irregular and that there are families who live in another location. It also claims that people live in precarious hygiene conditions amid the covid-19 pandemic, which would exacerbate the risk of spreading the disease.

The land of the Taboado Subdivision belonged to a private individual until 2003, when it was expropriated by the municipality. Since then, there has been no intervention at the site. The municipality also claims, in the repossession action, that the families have recently settled. According to Maisa Sampaio, the land deed records that, in 2003, there were already popular houses on the site.

The public defender said some people have been there longer and others have been there less. “The occupation of the land as a whole is much older. Families who organized themselves more recently started to call the Aldir Blanc Occupation”, explained Maisa. She added that the municipality did not exercise ownership of the land. .”

Law Suit

The city hall even obtained an injunction to carry out the repossession, but, in September of last year, the decision was overturned. TJRJ judge André Cidra considered an attempt at conciliation between the parties to be prudent before discussing a collective eviction. In this way, families were allowed to remain on site.

“It can be seen, therefore, that the postulate of human dignity prevails when it comes to issues that involve the collectivity of the population, mainly because it is a matter of vacating an area by the municipality, in which the elderly and children live, with premature and unacceptable use. of the police force, and an injunction that favors the right to property in violation of fundamental rights should not be granted”, wrote the judge at the time.

In June of that year, the process began to be processed in secrecy. Families are represented by the Public Defender’s Office. The institution maintains that the occupation is already consolidated and that the residents develop family farming with a varied production of vegetables and fruits, generating income and food security.

There are still two cases related to the situation. One of them was filed by the Public Defender’s Office even before the municipality demanded repossession. The action challenged an intervention by the Municipal Guard, which appeared on the ground to remove people without a court decision.

Another lawsuit, opened by the municipality in 2020, maintains that families fail to comply with environmental and sanitation standards. Maisa Sampaio considers that this is a form of pressure, as there is no room for determination of eviction in actions of this type. “On site visits, we found that families do not throw sewage into the river. On the contrary, even though they are people with few resources, they have ecologically sustainable pits”, says the public defender.

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