Brazil gains 72 km² of territory with recalculation of borders

Brazil gains 72 km² of territory with recalculation of borders

The Brazilian territory increased by 72.2 square kilometers (km²) in 2022. The finding is from a survey by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), released this Wednesday (29), in Rio de Janeiro. The study adjusted the country’s total area to 8,510,417.771 km².

According to the IBGE, the increase in territory is due to new international border delineations in stretches of Amazonas, Rondônia, Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul.

The improvement, complements the IBGE, stems from the physical reality of the region’s rivers and is in accordance with data provided by the Boundary Demarcation Commissions of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.


The IBGE also released, today, updated maps with the new limits of 174 Brazilian municipalities. Changes in the political-administrative division of these cities took place between May 1, 2021 and July 31, 2022.

According to the institute, the updates result from the publication of new legislation, court decisions and technical reports/opinions prepared by the state bodies responsible for the political-administrative division of each state and forwarded to the IBGE.

The state with the highest number of changes in municipal boundaries was Rio Grande do Sul (61 municipalities), followed by Pernambuco (50) and Paraná (47).

There were also changes in Mato Grosso (six), Maranhão and Rio Grande do Norte (three each), in addition to Tocantins and Goiás (two each). Information about the changes can be found at site from IBGE.

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