The institution indicates that changes of this nature must be submitted to “a public consultation of Greater Caracas and not only of the municipality of Libertador”
“Only a poor and limited understanding of our historical heritage can lead to the banal exercise that involves modifying the founding symbols of a city as if it were the practice, perfectly understandable in such a case, of renovating the logo of a commercial brand,” he points out. the National Academy of History before the change of symbols of the Libertador Municipality.
This Thursday, April 14, the institution spoke before the new anthem, shield and flag of the Capital District, expressly approved by the official majority of the Municipal Chamber of Caracas.
On April 13, the councilor of A new time José Gregorio Cáribas reported that in that day’s session “the patriotic symbols of the city of Caracas were repealed and new flag, shield and anthem symbols were approved with the saved votes of councilors Cáribas (Unity) and Daniela Rodríguez (Pencil)”. 24 hours later, the mayor of Caracas, Carmen Meléndez signed the promulgation of the ordinance of the “new symbols of Caracas”.
After the “imposition without consultation” of the new symbols of the Venezuelan capital, the National Academy of History warns, through a statement, that a decision “of that nature” must include the Academy, “since this institution is one of the authorized to issue a reasoned opinion on the subject in accordance with the Laws of the Republic.”
– National Academy of History (@anhvenezuela) April 15, 2022
Bolivar’s coat of arms
It also indicates that “the symbols of a nation, state or municipality constitute representations of collective identity that strengthen belonging, and have been built and elaborated throughout its history as a result of a shared past, so they are not a circumstantial creation of a political bias.
In the letter, signed by the board of directors of the Venezuelan institution, at the head Carole Leal Curiel; recalls the origin of the symbols on the coat of arms of Caracas: “it was granted by King Philip II in 1591 at the request of the attorney general before the Court, Simón de Bolívar, direct ancestor of Simón Bolívar, the Liberator.”
Coat of Arms of #Caracas On September 4, 1591, at the request of Simón Bolívar, 6th ascendant, of the Liberator, Felipe II granted the city of Santiago de León de Caracas the title of very noble and loyal city and this coat of arms. Cover page #ElCojoIlustrado April 15, 1910 pic.twitter.com/TdE5qqhDok
– The Illustrated Lame (@CojoIlustrado) April 14, 2022
Consultation with the Greater Caracas
Finally, that changes of this nature must be submitted to “a public consultation of Greater Caracas and not only of the municipality of Libertador”; and they remember that “those parties, symbols and political dates that were imposed by the political factions of the moment and their respective rulers of the day were without exception of ephemeral duration.”
And the zambo Bolívar?
The new shield presents an indigenous man, but does not specify that it be Guaicaipuro, an Afro-descendant woman, and Simón Bolívar –not the zambo approved by the late Hugo Chávez– as central images, all looking to the left; and just below them a representation of El Ávila, whose name was also changed in 2010 to Waraira Repano.
On July 24, 2012, then President Chávez presented to Venezuela and the world what, according to the new official truth, is the definitive face of the Liberator Simón Bolívar.
*Read: The expropriation of Bolívar, by Teodoro Petkoff